Congress has enacted many child welfare laws since the 1970s that address or impact adoption, many of which are summarized below.
All information was obtained from the Child Welfare Information Gateway [link to www.childwelfare.gov], a resource of the federal government's Administration for Children and Families, a division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services., For more information about these or other pieces of federal legislation, please contact us.
Amends title IV-E to permit States to claim Federal reimbursement for part of the cost of providing kinship guardianship assistance to relatives who become legal guardians of children who have been in foster care. The Act also amends title IV-B to authorize Family Connection Grants for support of kinship navigator programs and other services to help children in, or at risk of entering, foster care to reconnect with family members. It provides or revises requirements for case-by-case waiver of licensing standards for relatives; adoptive or guardianship placement for children older than age 18; a transition plan for children aging out of foster care; short-term training for child welfare agencies, relative guardians, and court personnel; educational stability of the child while in foster care; ongoing oversight and coordination of health care services for any child in a foster care placement; placement of siblings in the same foster care, kinship guardianship, or adoptive placement; foster care and tribal programs operated by Indian tribal organizations; and adoption of children with special needs.
Reauthorizes the Promoting Safe and Stable Families (PSSF) program through FY2011, and increases set-asides for Indian tribes. The Act reserves funds for States to develop activities designed to improve caseworker retention, recruitment, training, and ability to access the benefits of technology, as well as to support monthly caseworker visits to children in foster care.
Requires each State plan for foster care and adoption assistance to provide that the State shall have procedures for orderly and timely interstate placement of children; complete home studies requested by another State within a specified period; and accept home studies received from another State.
Extends and amends the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act; the Adoption Opportunities Act; the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act; and the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act.
Reauthorizes the adoption incentive program under Title IV-E; provides additional incentives for adoption of older children (age 9 and older) from foster care.
Extends and amends the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act,; the Adoption Opportunities Act, the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act, and the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act.
Extends and amends the Promoting Safe and Stable Families program; amends the Foster Care Independent Living program.
Title II includes provisions to extend permanently the adoption credit; increase the maximum credit to $10,000 per eligible child; and increase to $150,000 the beginning of point of the income phase-out range.
Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to confer United States citizenship automatically and retroactively to certain foreign-born children adopted by citizens of the United States.
Title XII of this Act authorizes funding for adoption awareness activities and public awareness campaigns for adoption of infants and children with special needs.
Provides for implementation of the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption by the United States.
Amends title IV-E of the Social Security Act to provide States with more funding and greater flexibility in carrying out programs designed to help children make the transition from foster care to self-sufficiency.
Seeks to promote the safety, permanency, and well-being of children in foster care, accelerate the permanent placement of children in care, and increase the accountability of the child welfare system.
Reauthorized and amended the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act; The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act; and the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act.
Seeks to improve portability and continuity of health insurance coverage; includes adopted children as covered persons.
Title V (Miscellaneous Provisions) of the Act contains the provisions of the Multiethnic Placement Act.
Grants family and temporary medical leave for employees, including civil service employees, under certain circumstances, including the birth or adoption of a child.
Funded for fiscal years 1989 through 1991 demonstration projects to provide respite home and other assistance for infants abandoned in hospitals.
Authorized appropriations for adoption and foster care assistance to the States. Required States to provide adoption assistance to parents who adopt a child who is AFDC-eligible and is a child with special needs. For foster care assistance, States are required to make reasonable efforts were made to prevent placement or to reunify children with their families.
Established standards for the placement of Indian child in foster or adoptive homes.
Reauthorized through fiscal year 1981 and amended the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act; funded the Adoption Opportunities program to facilitate the adoption of children with special needs.
Click here to view the Hague Compliance Issue Regarding Request for Evidence (RFEs).
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